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Game, Set, Ouch! Tennis Injuries How to Prevent Them

Tennis is a thrilling sport that demands agility, speed, and precision. Whether you’re a seasoned player or a casual enthusiast, it’s important to be aware of the potential risks involved in the game. Injuries can occur due to the repetitive nature of tennis movements, overuse, improper technique, or accidents on the court. In this blog, we will explore some common tennis injuries, their causes, and provide essential tips to help you prevent them. To find out additional information please visit our sports injuries page.

Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis):

One of the most prevalent injuries among tennis players is tennis elbow. It is characterised by pain and inflammation in the tendons that connect the forearm muscles to the outside of the elbow. Repetitive gripping and swinging motions can strain these tendons, leading to discomfort and limited arm mobility. To prevent tennis elbow, it’s crucial to use proper technique, warm up adequately, and incorporate strength and flexibility exercises into your training routine.

Shoulder Injuries:

The rapid overhead motions involved in serving and hitting powerful shots can stress the shoulder joint significantly. This can result in various shoulder injuries, including rotator cuff tears, impingement, or tendonitis. To minimise the risk of shoulder injuries, players should focus on strengthening the shoulder muscles, maintaining proper technique, and avoiding overexertion. Regular stretching and a gradual increase in training intensity are essential for maintaining shoulder health.

Ankle Sprains:

Quick changes in direction, sudden stops, and pivoting movements make tennis players prone to ankle sprains. Landing awkwardly or rolling the ankle during a fast-paced game can cause ligament tears or strains. Wearing supportive footwear, performing balance and strengthening exercises for the lower limbs, and being cautious of the playing surface can help prevent ankle sprains. Additionally, maintaining good overall fitness and flexibility will enhance your body’s ability to handle sudden movements.

Knee Injuries:

The repetitive stress placed on the knees during tennis can lead to various injuries, such as patellar tendinitis, meniscus tears, or ligament strains. Incorrect footwork, sudden changes in direction, and inadequate conditioning contribute to these injuries. It is vital to focus on proper landing technique, strengthening the muscles around the knee, and ensuring balanced training to reduce the risk of knee injuries.

Heat-Related Illnesses:

Tennis is often played in hot weather, increasing the risk of heat-related illnesses like heat exhaustion or heat stroke. Players must stay hydrated by drinking water or electrolyte-rich beverages, take breaks in shaded areas, and wear appropriate clothing to prevent overheating. Regularly monitoring the body’s response to heat and practising good self-care is essential to avoid these potentially life-threatening conditions.


While tennis injuries can be challenging, taking proactive steps to prevent them is crucial for a safe and enjoyable game. By focusing on proper technique, maintaining overall fitness and flexibility, and being mindful of your body’s limitations, you can significantly reduce the risk of tennis-related injuries. Remember, the goal is not only to play well but to play safely and sustainably. So, grab your racket, stay injury-free, and keep enjoying the exhilarating sport of tennis!